Large-Scale Mass Spectrometry Imaging Investigation of Consequences of Cortical Spreading Depression in a Transgenic Mouse Model of Migraine

TitleLarge-Scale Mass Spectrometry Imaging Investigation of Consequences of Cortical Spreading Depression in a Transgenic Mouse Model of Migraine
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsCarreira, R.J., Shyti R., Balluff B., Abdelmoula W.M., van Heiningen S.H., van Zeijl R.J., Dijkstra J., Ferrari M.D., Tolner E.A., McDonnell L.A., van den Maagdenberg A.M.J.M.
JournalJournal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Volume26
Pagination853 - 861
Date Published6/2015
ISSN1044-0305
Abstract

Cortical spreading depression (CSD) is the electrophysiological correlate of migraine aura. Transgenic mice carrying the R192Q missense mutation in the Cacna1a gene, which in patients causes familial hemiplegic migraine type 1 (FHM1), exhibit increased propensity to CSD. Herein, mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) was applied for the first time to an animal cohort of transgenic and wild type mice to study the biomolecular changes following CSD in the brain. Ninety-six coronal brain sections from 32 mice were analyzed by MALDI-MSI. All MSI datasets were registered to the Allen Brain Atlas reference atlas of the mouse brain so that the molecular signatures of distinct brain regions could be compared. A number of metabolites and peptides showed substantial changes in the brain associated with CSD. Among those, different mass spectral features showed significant (t-test, P < 0.05) changes in the cortex, 146 and 377 Da, and in the thalamus, 1820 and 1834 Da, of the CSD-affected hemisphere of FHM1 R192Q mice. Our findings reveal CSD- and genotype-specific molecular changes in the brain of FHM1 transgenic mice that may further our understanding about the role of CSD in migraine pathophysiology. The results also demonstrate the utility of aligning MSI datasets to a common reference atlas for large-scale MSI investigations.

DOI10.1007/s13361-015-1136-8
Short TitleJ. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom.
DOI10.1007/s13361-015-1136-8
15/03/2016